Functionalized enamel of ceramic tiles by sol gel technique (review)

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Santiago Betancourt-Parra
Manuel A. Domínguez-Ortiz
Diana M. Mosquera-Palacio
Juliana Herrera-Guerra
Carlos M. Ríos-Rendón
Carlos E. Villa


Functionalized enamels for the ceramic tile industry has been a research topic since the past 15 years. Different researchers have focused their efforts on achieving surfaces with functional attributes that increase product value and provide technical solutions for the technological needs of our times. This article presents a review of the scientific literature dedicated to obtaining functional surfaces by means of a sol gel technique, that provides a means for deposition and formation of thin layers on traditional ceramic enamels in order to provide functional characteristics. The document presents: typical used alcoxidic solutions, the different deposition techniques emphasizing the experimental findings obtained by the authors, and presents a synthesis of the functional effects obtained by means of the technique.
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