Estudio paramétrico para optimización de un generador de hielo tubular de laboratorio

Contenido principal del artículo

Rocío Guapulema http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2768-9018
Víctor Hidalgo http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4732-2421

Keywords

eficiencia energética, generador, hielo, optimización, refrigeración, almacenamiento

Resumen

En Ecuador existe un gran consumo energético por climatización y refrigeración en los sectores industrial, comercial y residencial. Un método para reducir la demanda eléctrica máxima es incorporar un sistema óptimo de almacenamiento de energía térmica de refrigeración. Este trabajo tiene por objetivo realizar el estudio paramétrico de un generador de hielo tubular de laboratorio para su posterior optimización. Se estudiaron los principales parámetros que intervienen en la formación de hielo como temperatura del agua en el reservorio, temperaturas del refrigerante en el evaporador y condensador, temperatura de subenfriamiento del hielo y velocidad de formación de hielo. Los parámetros destacados que intervinieron en el proceso fueron las condiciones ambientales del lugar y la temperatura del agua utilizada. Al disminuir la temperatura ambiental, disminuye la carga térmica y mejora la eficiencia del condensador, el cual influye directamente sobre la eficiencia del equipo. La inestabilidad observada en la primera hora de prueba intervino en la temperatura final del agua, la misma que varió en el rango de 1,1 °C a –0,4 °C en 3 horas.
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Citas

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