A Study for localization of fault in the electrical distribution systems

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Roberto Gómez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8254-4356
Diego Cabrera https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6500-1552
Pablo Robles https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8673-3974


This article studies the location of faults in the electrical distribution system based on processing short-circuit signals. For this analysis, the simulation of cases using the CYME software is proposed, using the Wavelet transform to study the signal obtained and decomposed. The minimum spanning tree method is proposed so that fault location is optimal and reconnection time is minimal. This analysis considers the reclosers’ location in the distribution system that will serve as information repositories. In this investigation, a fault location algorithm was developed to analyse transient phenomena, achieving good precision in time frequency. Applying the proposed method, the signal is broken down into different levels, obtaining the necessary parameters to determine the distance of the fault.